Sunday, November 20, 2016

Effect of Temperature Against Animal Life
Temperature is a parameter that describes the degree of heat of an object. The higher the heat of an object, the higher the temperature. Heat radiated or propagated by an object is a form of energy released by an object through the transformation of energy. Thus indirectly the temperature can be used as an indicator of the amount of energy released by an object.

In an ecosystem, the temperature can regulate the growth and spread of animals that live in it. This process occurs because temperature affects the physical and physiological elements of the animal's body. Temperatures that are too high can damage the enzyme, cell, tissue, organ, membrane permeability, hormones and body fluids vaporize. While the temperature is too low can inhibit the action of the enzyme, hormone metabolism and the freezing of protoplasm.

Based on the power of tolerance to temperature, the animals can be grouped into animals and animals stenothermal eurythermal. Eurytermal animals are animals that can live on the ambient temperature in a broad range. This means that the difference between the maximum and minimum temperatures are very spacious. Stenothermal animals are animals that can live on the ambient temperature within a narrow range. It means the difference between maximum and minimum temperatures cramped.

Each animal (organisms) have a different cardinal point temperature with other animals. Cardinal points are points that show the limits of the maximum temperature, the optimum temperature and the minimum temperature that can still be accepted by the animals.

The maximum temperature is the highest temperature that still allows only 50% of the population of an animal survive. The minimum temperature is the lowest temperature point which allows only 50% of the population of an animal survive. The optimum temperature is the temperature value that allows an animal population most live well and produce offspring at most.

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